All about Rosacea Disease
Rosacea is a long-term skin condition that usually affects the face. However, its symptoms in men may be worse. In this article, we try to present All about Rosacea Disease.
Take a look at All things you need to know about Rosacea Disease
What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that usually affects the face. This common disease affects 1 to 20% of people. However, people with rosacea are often misdiagnosed; Some people may confuse rosacea with pimples, eczema or allergic skin reactions. For this reason, the actual incidence of the disease is probably higher.
Types of rosacea
In general, rosacea is divided into 4 groups:
Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Symptoms include discoloration of the skin, flushing, and noticeable blood vessels.
Papulopustular rosacea: Symptoms include hot flashes, swelling, and pimples.
Ocular rosacea: Symptoms include redness of the eyes and inflammation and swelling of the eyelids.
Phymatous rosacea: Symptoms include thick and uneven skin.
Cause of rosacea
Researchers still do not know the root cause of rosacea. However, the following factors may play a role in causing this disease:
Family history: Many people with the disease have relatives. This means that an inherited or genetic compound may be involved.
Blood vessel abnormalities: Dermatologists suggest that facial flushing and spider veins are caused by facial blood vessel abnormalities; But they do not know the cause of the inflammation of the blood vessels.
Bacteria called Helicobacter pylori: This bacterium stimulates the production of a peptide that is effective in dilating arteries called bradykinin. According to experts, this bacterium is involved in the development of rosacea.
Skin parasite called Demodex Folliculorum: This parasite lives on the skin and usually does not cause problems. However, people with rosacea have more parasites than normal people; But it is not yet clear whether parasites cause rosacea or whether rosacea causes more parasites.
Symptoms of rosacea
Symptoms may vary from person to person. Rosacea is more common in people with fair skin and, of course, the symptoms of the disease are easier to diagnose in this group of people. So far, little research has been done on the incidence of rosacea in people with dark skin.
Early signs of rosacea include:
Feeling of burning or stinging when using water or skin care products;
Skin bumps (small red bumps that look like acne and may contain pus);
Redness (redness) around the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin that appears and disappears (although redness may be more difficult to see on darker skin);
Visible blood vessels (also called spider veins or telangiectasia; usually occurring on the cheek, bridge of the nose, or other central parts of the face);
Flushing (occurs when the face is temporarily darkened. This condition may spread from the face to the neck and chest and feel an unpleasant burning sensation on the skin);
Thickening of the skin (skin tissue may become thicker. This thickening usually affects the nose and can cause rhinophyma (swelling and redness of the nose), which is more common in men than women);
Persistent discoloration of the skin (similar to embarrassment or sunburn and does not go away. This happens when hundreds of blood vessels expand and dilate near the surface of the skin. On the other hand, rupture of capillaries on the face may be seen and not disappear);
Inflammation of the eye (the patient may have inflamed, teary, or bloody eyes. The eyelids may become red and swollen (blepharitis) and laryngitis is also common in these patients. In 50% of people with this disease, the eyes are affected. In rare cases. Blurred vision may occur).
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Diagnosis of rosacea
There are no clinical trials for rosacea. The doctor can diagnose the disease by examining the patient’s skin and asking a few questions. The presence of dilated blood vessels in the skin helps the doctor to distinguish this disease from other diseases. If your doctor suspects another condition, such as lupus, he or she may order a blood test or refer you to a dermatologist.
Treatment of rosacea
Rosacea is incurable; But the use of a variety of treatments is effective in controlling symptoms. If you do not use these treatments, the disease may get worse. A combination of medications and lifestyle changes usually works best.